Anatomical Pathology

Ag.Head Of Deparment:     

Prof. D. Seleye-Fubara


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Contact Phone Number(s):     




Anatomical Pathology is the branch of Medicine dealing with understanding disease processes and morphological changes in diseased organs, which will assist in proper clinical management, research and preventive care. The department offers training to medical students and other paramedical personnel in the form of didactic lectures and practical demonstration.


Previous Acting Heads of the Department are follows:

  1. Dr. K. C. Katchy
  2. Dr. Evans Bob-Yellowe (Coordinator)
  3. Dr. O. A. Ejele (Coordinator)
  4. Dr. V. C. Wakwe (Coordinator)
  5. Dr. S.O.Nwosu
  6. Dr.E.N.Etebu
  7. Dr. D. Seleye-Fubara



The subject is taught under two broad segments namely;

  1.  General Pathology and
  2.  Systemic Pathology.
  4. Introduction to Pathology.
  5. Cellular Injury and Adaptation.
  6. Inflammation and Repair (including Aetiology and Pathogenesis of Disease).
  7. Pigments, Pathological Calcifications,  Amyloidosis.
  8. Fluid and Haemodynamic Derangements.
  9. Genetic Disorders- The Normal Karyotype, Mutations, Cytogenetic Disorders, Autosomal Dominant and Recessive Disorders, Sex-linked Disorders.
  10. Immunopathology- Immunity, Cells of Immune response and Types of Immunologically Mediated Disorders.
  11. Neoplasia-Definition, Nomenclature andclassification, Characteristics of Neoplasms, Growth differentiation and spread, Factors related to the Spread of Cancer, Diagnosis, Grading and Staging of Cancer, Changes in cancer cells.
  12. Carcinogenesis and Geographic Incidence of Cancer- Effects of malignant tumours on host and vice versa.
  13. Infectious Diseases:
  14.  Bacterial Infections
  15.  Viral Infections
  16.  Parasitic Infections and
  17.  Fungal Infections
  1. Environmental and Nutritional Diseases:
  1. The Environment and Diseases;
  2. Environment and Occupational Exposures e.g. personal exposure to tobacco, alcohols, drugs, outdoor air pollution, industrial exposure to volatile organic compounds, fumes, plastics etc;
  1. Agricultural Hazards;
  2. Natural Toxins;
  3. Radiation Injury;
  4. Physical Environment e.g. mechanical force, thermal, electrical and pressure injuries;
  5. Nutritional Diseases: Protein Energy Malnutrition;
  1. Diseases of Infancy and Childhood:
  1. Congenital Anomalies: genetic, environmental and multi factorial causes;
  2. Birth Weight and Gestational age;
  3. Fetal Hydrops: immune and non-immune hydrops;
  4. Birth Injuries;
  5. Perinatal Infections;
  6. Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome;
  7.  Necrotizing Enterocolitis;
  8.  Sudden Infant Death Syndrome;
  9.  Tumors and Tumor-like Lesions of Infancy and Childhood



Pulmonary System:

  1. Anatomy and Physiology of the Bronchopulmonary Segment.
  2. Pulmonary Defense Mechanisms.
  3. Congenital Anomalies / Atelectasis
  4. Vascular Disorders – Pulmonary, Respiratory Distress Syndrome- Adult and Childhood, Pulmonary Embolism and Infarction.
  5. Pulmonary Infections -Bacterial Pneumonia, Viral and Fungal Pneumonia, Primary Atypical Pneumonia, Opportunistic Infections.
  6. Bronchiectasis and Lung Abscess.
  7. Pulmonary Tuberculosis.
  1. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disorders Emphysema, Chronic bronchitis, Bronchial asthma.
  2. Diffuse Interstitial Disorders- Pneumoconiosis, Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis, Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis.
  3. Pulmonary and Pleural Neoplasia.


  1. Genito- Urinary System:
  1.  Glomerulonephritides
  2.  Focal Glomerulopathies
  3.  Diffuse Glomerulopathies
  4.  Glomerulopathies Complicating System Disease
  5.  Nephrosclerosis and other Interstitial Disorders
  6.  Pyelonephritis and other Interstitial Disorders
  7.  Congenital Anomalies
  8.  Renal Neoplasia
  9.  Renal Failure
  10.  Common Lesions of Prostate Bladder
  11.  Common Lesions of Urinary Bladder
  12.  Premalignant Lesions of Cervix
  13.  Carcinoma of Uterine Cervix
  14.  Tumors of the Breast
  15.  Common Lesions of Testis
  1. Endocrine System:
  1. Pituitary Gland Pathology
  2. Pathology of Endocrine Pancreas
  3. Thyroid Gland – Clinical Syndromes associated with Thyroid Gland, Thyroiditis, Neoplasia of Thyroid Gland, Goitre.
  4. Parathyroid Glands – Primary and Secondary hyperparathyroidism, hypoparathyroidism
  5. Adrenal Glands – Hypo-function and Hyper-function of adrenal cortex, tumors of the adrenal medulla
  1. Cardiovascular System 1. Blood vessels:
  1. Vascular Cells and their Response to Injury;
  2. Congenital Anomalies;
  3. Arteriosclerosis;
  4. Atherosclerosis;
  5. Hypertensive Vascular Disease;
  6. Inflammatory Diseases of Blood Vessels
  7. Raynaud Phenomena;
  8. Veins and Lymphatics;
  9. Tumors of Blood Vessels
  1. The Heart:

Anatomy; Heart Failure; Heart Diseases: congenital heart disease, ischemic heart disease, hypertensive heart disease, valvular heart disease, cardiomyopathies, pericardial diseases, rheumatic heart disease, tumors of the heart

  1. Lympho – Reticular System:Lymphomas:Hodgkin’s and Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma
  2.  Head and Neck:
  1.  Oral cavity
  2.  Upper air ways
  3.  Ears
  4.  Neck
  5.  Salivary glands
  1.  Gastro- Intestinal Tract:
  1.  Diseases of the Oesophagus
  2.  Diseases of the Stomach
  3.  Diseases of the Small and Large Intestine
  4.  Malabsorption Syndrome
  5.  Inflammatory Bowel Disease
  6.  Vascular Disorders
  7.  Intestinal Obstruction
  8.  Diseases of the Appendix


  1.  Liver and Biliary Tract:
  1.  Anatomy
  2.  Infectious Diseases: Hepatitis
  3.  Metabolic Liver Disease
  4.  Intra-Hepatic Biliary Tract Disease
  5.  Hepatic Disease Associated with Pregnancy
  6.  Nodules and Tumors
  7.  Disorders of the Gall Bladder
  8.  Disorders of the Extra – Hepatic Bile Ducts and Tumors
  9.  Iatrogenic Injury to the Biliary Tract


  1.  The Pancreas:
  1.  Inflammation
  2.  Non- Neoplastic Cysts
  3.  Neoplasia


  1.  Skin:
  1.  Leprosy
  2.  Malignant Tumors of Skin


  1.  Central Nervous System:
  1.  Meningitis
  2.  Intracranial Haemorrhages
  3.  Hypertensive Vascular Disease of Brain
  4.  Brain Tumors


  1.  Introduction to Forensic Pathology:
  1.  Autopsy Procedure: Changes after Death
  2.  Wounds
  3.  Regional Injuries
  4.  Murder, Suicide or Accident?
  5.  Transportation Injuries
  6.  Sudden Death